Morphological Classification of The Ovaries in Relation to The Subsequent oocyte Quality for IVF-Produced Bovine Embryos
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Although some inferences have been made regarding the morphological aspects of the ovades in relation to the subsequent oocyte developmental competence in an in vitro system, the influence of ovarian morphology, taken as a pair, has yet to be dernostrated. The present study addresses this limitation. Forty pairs of ovaries from 5 morphological classes were examined to determine whether their charactedstice could influence oocyte yield and developmental competence in vitro. An ovary was designated as bearing a corpus luteum (CL) with a dominant follicle (DF) a cyst (CY) or none of these structures (NO). Thus, the paired classes considered in this study consisted of 1) CL-NO 2) CL-DF 3) CL+DF-NO 4) NO-DF and 5) NO-NO. Comparisons were made among the members of 3 subgroups CL, NO and DF. W'~hin the CL-subgroup, the pairs of CL-NO ovaries resulted in higher (P<0.01) number of oocytes, cleavage rates and blastocyst formation per ovary than in the other categories (CL+DF-NO and CL-DF), with the latter being superior (P<0.01) to that of CL+DF-NO in terms of cleavage rates. In the NO-subgroup, NO-CL pairs yielded higher (P<O.01)rates of oocyte recovery and cleavage than the NO-DF pairs, and the latter was infedor(P<0.05) to that of NO-NO ovaries for the 2 indices. Further, blastocyst rates from the NO-CL pairs was higher (P<0.01) compared with those of NO-CL+DF, NO-DF, and NONO groups. And, in the DF-subgroup, the DF-CL pairs gave a higher (P<0.05) oocyte yield and cleavage rate (P<0.01) than the pairs of DF-NO ovaries but not significantly different in blastocyst formation. The overall oocyte recovery, cleavage and blastocyst rates for the 5 classes were, in a decreasiogorderCL-NO; NO-NO; CL-DF; CL+DF-NO; and DF-NO. Our results suggest that the morphologicaldassitication of ovarian pairs could be a useful means for predictwng the developmental competence of oocytes in vitro, and that the presence of a dominant follicle in either one or both ovaries of a pair has a negative effect on the IVFproduced bovine embryos. © lgO8 by Elsevier Science Inc.