Spatial Pattern Landuse Changes and Suburbanization Process in Jabotabek Area at 1992-2000 Period
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The population growth in Jabotabek region has impact on the suburbanization process, that is the increase of people in fringe of Jakarta significantly. However, in the center of the city has decrased. The concequence is land convertion in the suburb area. Spatial pattern of urban landuse and population density accured by suburbanization will be assessed empirically by assuming Monas as a center of Jabotabek. Between 1992 to 2000, decreasing pattern of population density is seen until to dinstance 10 km from Monas. However, urban land ratio increase. Meanwhile the density and urban ratio shows increasing pattern from the distance of 10 to 45 km. People migrate to fringe area where suburbanization process strongly influents urban land development. Comparison between rate of urban ratio and rate of population density is 1.57. This value indicates land convertion to urban is not proportional, that is over supplied to the need of housing and common infrastructure. This research was carried out in 3 stages : remote sensing data processing, GIS analysis, modeling and analizyng by use regression model to describe suburbanization prosess especially land aspect.