Forestry And Agriculture: Options For Resource Allocation In Choosing Lands For Transmigration Development
John A. Dixon
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The Indonesian Transmigration program aims to resettle people from heavily populated areas of Java, Madura and Bali in the less developed Outer Islands. The development of a successful program poses problems for the resource planner in balancing three major variables: the economic activity which forms the basis of individual projects, the choice of sites to suit those economic activities, and the background and skills of the potential migrants. This paper concentrates on questions of resource allocation in choosing sites for transmigration development. It is based on the hypothesis that ample land resources are available and that of the three main ecosystems used—tidal swamp forests, mature upland forests, and alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica) grasslands—the economic opportunity costs of using forested lands can be considerable.
- Faculty of Forestry