Analisis keragaan sistem usahatani berbasis lahan
Saefulhakim, R. Sunsun
Panuju, Dyah Retno
Nasoetion, Lutfi Ibrahim
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arming system is generally efficient and productive, if it operates in a certain range of land holding scale. This study assumed that efficiency and productivity are related to farmland holding scale, land fragmentation, and cropping diversification. In land based farming system, land ownership/holding scale and fragmentation and cropping diversification are assumed to have specific correlation. This study was conducted under a cooperation work between Research Institute of Bogor Agricultural University and Agency for Research and Development of Department of Agriculture, in a research titled "Cropping Diversification and Employment Development, Stage II". Study area comprised 6 (six) provinces, i.e.: North Sumatera, South Sumatera, Lampung, West Java, East Java, and South Sulawesi. From these provinces, it was sampled 12 districts. This study conclude that lower level of efficiency, productivity and farmer income is significantly related to smaller scale of farmland ownership/holding, highly fragmented land ownership/holding, and miscoordinated (sprawl) land utilization pattem. Farmland tends to decrease every year, but fragmentation of land ownership/holding tends to increase every year. In another way, miscoordinated land utilization pattem tends to expand. Therefore, arrangement of land ownership/holding, consolidation of land, and coordination of land utilization are expected to be one of effective policy instruments in solving current problems of land-based farming system's efficiency and productivity.