Hubungan Nisbah K/Ca dalam Larutan Tanah dengan Dinamika Hara K pada Ultisol dan Vertisol Lahan Kering
Adiningsih, J. Sri
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The objectives of this experiment were: (I) to study the effect of K and Ca fertilization on the dynamic of K, (2) to study the relationship between the dynamic of K in the soils with corn growth, and (3) to determine the optimum K requirement on d ~ e r e nKt /Ca ratio in the soil solution. Ultisol and Vertisol from upland area were used for the study. The determination of K and Ca dosage was based on the maximum soil sorption. The experiment was carried out in greenhouse using the factorial randomized complete design with three replications. Four levels K dosage and three levels Ca dosage were applied in the experiment. The C-7 hybrid of corn was selected as indicator plant. The result showed that adding of K and Ca increased the dry weight ofplant in both Ultisol and Vertisol. In Ultisol, adding of K increased the amount of exchangeable Ca, Mg and K. and water-extracted K, whereas a~idingo f Ca increased the exchangeable Ca and Mg and water-extracted K. The optimum K requirement for Ultisol was 58 mg kg-' for K/Ca ratio c0.03 and 88 mg kg-' for K/Ca ratio >0.03. In Vertisol, adding of K increased the exchangeable and water-extracted K, while adding of Ca increased both exchangeable and water-extracted Ca and Mg. The optimum K requirelnent was 55 mg kg-' for K/Ca ratio <0.03 and 171 mg kg-' for K/Ca ratio >0.03. Waterextracted Ca and Mg showed a negative relationship with K/Ca ratio both in Ultisol and Vertisol. Positive reiationship between K/C(l ratios with water-extracted K was found in Ultisol, and with both exchangeable and water-extracted K in Vertisol. The increasing of WCa ratio increased the critical level of exchangeable K and water-extracted K.