IDENTIFIKASI POLA TANAM PADA PRAKTEK AGROFORESTRI DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI CIANJUR
Arifin, Hadi Susilo
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A study had been conducted to analyze cropping pattern of agroforestry in three zone of Cianjur watershed. Those three zones were the upper stream (> I 000 m asl), the middle stream (300-1000 m asl) and the down stream (0-300 m asl). Observation was done to samples of agroforestry plots and interview to respondents for each village. The results showed that there were differences of cropping pattern within the three zones. In the down stream area, agroforestry were practiced in community lands and the flat area. Cropping pattern was mixed cropping, irregular planting space, minimum tillage, low maintenance and the farmers used the local seed for planting. In the middle stream area, agroforestry practices were found in community lands and the tea estate plantation. The cropping pattern of cash crops found were single commodity and multi-commodity (alley cropping), regular planting space and planting on the line and blocks. In the tea area, Swietenia macrophylla King was found predominantly. In the upper stream, agroforestry practices were found in a forest garden. This area is the buffer zone of Gede Pangrango Mountaint. Cropping pattern found in single commodity (line systems) and multi-commodity (line system and mixed cropping). Trees i.e. Pinus merkusii, Eucalyptus deglupta, Swietenia macrophylla King were found predominant. Pruning was a common practices found in order to avoid effect of shading. One of indigenous knowledge commonly practiced was the planting of ta/as bogor (Colocasia esculenta L) in borders area to conserve the land.
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