Korelasi arsitektur pohon model rauh dari jenis pinus merkusii junghuhn & de vriese dengan konservasi tanah dan air di area PHBM yang ditanami coffea arabica L. RPH Gambung KPH Bandung Selatan
Ainillah, Rita Sugiharti
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Trees in CBFM (Community-Based Forest Management) ecosystems are suspected to modify rainfall interception, infiltration and as a consequence, erosion. Their effect urges to be assessed and modelled in various conditions of soil and density of vegetation. The most important parameters that affect the soil water balance and erosion were identified as being the total input of water (throughfall and stemflow) to the ground and the runoff ratio. This research was studied correlation of erosion on rainfall, throughfall, stemflow, and runoff. The aims of the research were to : (1) identify architecture model of pine tree, (2) observe throughfall, stemflow, runoff, and soil loss values, (3) study impact of architecture model of pine tree to water and soil conservation. Runoff and soil loss data were collected for thirty-four days of rainfall from three runoff plots situated on a 36% uniform slope areas. Three fields are studied on this research ; pine forest planted with Coffea arabica L., natural vegetation dominated by Altingia excelsa Noronha., and cultivated land. Erosion measurement was conducted at plots 12 long and 4 m wide. The result of the research indicates that P.merkusii and A.excelsa have same tree architecture, Rauh model. Result of loading plot analysis indicate that correlation between throughfall, stemflow and runoff with rainfall and erosion are positive. Forest planted P. merkusii and natural vegetation dominated by A. excelsa prevent or decrease the risk of soil erosion. The greatest amount of sedimentation was observed in cultivated land (55.99 ton/ha/yr). In conclusion, important to consider the type and model of tree architecture which will be planted so as to conserve soil and water and to keep the ground cover to decrease soil erosion.