Keselamatan kerja nelayan pada operasi penangkapan ikan menggunakan paying di Palabuhanratu, Jawa Barat
Fishermen work safety at fishing operation on payang in Palabuhanratu, West Java
Wisudo, Sugeng Hari
Iskandar, Budhi Hascaryo
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The main cause of marine accidents resulting in loss of human lives is purely human error. Specifically on the capture fisheries, as many as 80 percent of marine accidents are caused by factors of human negligence (FAO, 2009). The purpose of this study is to inventory and describe all hazards and possible consequences in every aspect and stage, inventory and identify those aspects related to the management of safety of fishermen, both institutionally, existing regulations, human resources, working conditions and safety design models fishermen work at the sites. Scope of the study was limited to payang fishing activities in fishing operations in Palabuhanratu. The research was conducted in October 2011 - August 2012, in district Palabuhanratu West Java, especially in PPN Palabuhanratu. This research activity was carried out by conducting literature studies and interviews with the aim of collecting primary data in the form of direct observation and interviews/questionnaires to all the components, either directly or indirectly involved. Collection of secondary data fishery, related regulations, journals, and other related literature. Policy and institutional analysis be descriptive. The next method is the Formal Safety Assessment (FSA), the human element can be incorporated into the FSA process using human reliability analysis (HRA). HRA in this study quantitatively. To complete the picture details the development of systems analysis models to understand and make decisions related to SMK3. Activity that has a chance of failure risk was greatest in gear operating activities during setting. Consequences of accidents greatest opportunity in hauling activity. Risk control is done with the selection of a competent crew, plan fishing/sailing, designing safe work procedures, use of equipment as needed, using personal protective equipment and conditioning healthy working environment, as well as coordination among crew always do. Need to restructure relating to the management of fishing safety associated with existing policies and institutions, so that the mutually synergistic implementation. Analysis of the safety management system of the fishermen showed no systemic features and characteristics of the organization who have learning disabilities. (A) Each stakeholder tends to stand in their own point of view or interest. (B) Completion of the problems in safety management fishermen tend gradually, not structured and are regional and do not change the mindset. (C) In the safety management practices on certain aspects (control) often occurs transitional resources for the benefit of others. This transfer shows that the issue of safety management is not a priority fishermen and not something that should be addressed immediately. (D) Aimed of fishing safety management is not up to the level of implementation.
- DT - Fisheries