Pengelolaan pertanian secara cermat pada budidaya padi sawah untuk meningkatkan produktivitas padi
Precision farming of rice cultivation to increase rice productivity
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To increase rice productivity with precision farming was begun with an understanding of problems, resources development and local environmental conditions. The purpose of this study was to see the difference between how farmers farming, the government PTT or Field School of Integrated Plant Management (SLPTT) and PTTC (Precise Integrated Plant Management), quality of rice, and increasing the economic value of paddy fields by comparing the efficiency of the three kinds of rice cultivation, developing opportunities in an effort to increase paddy field productivity through improved nutrient status. The study was conducted on paddy field of Babakti farmer groups located in the Mekarjaya Village, Ciomas District. Parameters observed were results and yield components, soil (before and after harvest) and plant analysis (leaf and straw), organoleptic test of rice, rice resistance test against rice spoiled, climate data during the rice gowing, daily rainfall during the planting. The result showed that productivity on the management of PTTC was higher (6,57 t/ha GKG) than SLPTT (4,60 t/ha GKG) and farmers (3,08 t/ha GKG) management, as well as the increase of percentage was indicated that PTTC have a capability to increase yield from farmers management even from SLPTT. PTTC have good level of resistance to the rice from spoiled than SLPTT and farmers. The overall organoleptic test of farmers rice was preferred to PTTC and SLPTT. Nevertheless organoleptic test was not done optimally because of the way the rice was cooked have a same condition between of three management, while that the quality of the rice were differents. Analysis of the PTTC farming was more profitable with the highest B/C ratio (1,44) compared to SLPTT (1,38) and farmers management (1,20). So that PTTC have a good capability to increase the economic value from farmers even from SLPTT. PTTC have a capability to increase the profits of Rp. 6.959.119,81 (118,57%) from farmers management and Rp. 4.016.119,81 (45,57%) from SLPTT, while the increase of farmers management to SLPTT was Rp. 2,943,000.00 (50.14%). In terms of time, the PTTC was more efficiently and effectively, because the harvest was earlier than the other management to 118 days after planting, whereas the farmers and SLPTT harvested at 125 days after planting.Salah satu usaha untuk meningkatkan produktivitas padi sawah yaitu dengan pengelolaan pertanian secara cermat (precision farming), yang salah satunya yaitu dengan Perlekatan Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu (PTT). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat perbedaan budidaya antara cara petani, PTT pemerinatah, dan PTT cermat; melihat kualitas hasil panen dariketiga pengelolaan petani, PTT pemerintah dan PTT cermat; dan menigkatkan nilai ekonomi / keuntungan usaha tani padi sawah dengan membandingkan efisiensi input dari ketiga budidaya padi sawah.
- MT - Agriculture