Pemetaan Penyebaran Pohon dan Stok Karbon dengan Menggunakan Sistem Informasi Geografis di PT. Ratah Timber Kalimantan Timur.
Daulay, Adi Asrullah
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Tropical natural forests have a significant role in global climate change. Planning and management of forest resources is absolutely necessary to keep both its sustainability. For that, they need sufficient information that can be used by decision makers, including spatial information. Geographic information system (GIS) is a very useful tool in climate change research, namely in terms of organizing the data, in the form of a global data base, and spatial analysis capabilities for modeling. Geographic information system applications for climate change research is growing rapidly, but for developing countries is still very limited. This study aims to calculate the alleged carbon savings as well as making the tree distribution maps and plots in the area of cutting carbon Q37 Annual Work Plan (RKT) 2011 PT. Ratah Timber, East Kalimantan. This information is expected to be used for the preparation of Annual Work Plan for Timber Utilization (RKTUPHHK), providing information and real contributions in particular to the PT. Ratah Timber of the potential functions of forests as carbon storage in reducing concentrations of green house gases that cause global warming and the material input and consideration in the trading of carbon (carbon trade) world. The data of this study was a secondary data Cruising Report (LHC). This data was then analyzed to determine the number of trees (tree density), basal area (Lbds), tree volume, as well as allegations of biomass and carbon deposits. GIS analysis was then performed to obtain a map of the distribution of trees and carbon. In the area of research plots Q37 was found as many as 1710 trees and 38 species with a density of 17 trees / ha. The potential volume of 52.82 m3/ha tree consist of 13.43 m3/ha core tree, protected tree 5.46 m3/ha, and proper tree felling 33.92 m3/ha. Allegations of carbon deposits was approximated by estimating forest biomass, of which 50% of biomass is carbon (Brown 1997). Biomass estimation was done using equation Allometric made by Brown (1997). Total deposits biomass and carbon contained in the stands in the research area of 48.38 tonnes/ha and 24.19 tonnes C/ha. Feasible tree felling with a diameter ≥ 50 cm will later be made illegal, in other words the carbon stocks lost from logging in the research area of 16.08 tonnes/ha, so that the preparation of carbon deposits contained in the research area of 8.11 tonnes/ha.
- UT - Forest Management