Penggunaan Bakteri Pelarut Fosfat serta Kombinasinya a pada Pertumbuhan Tanaman Sawi Sendok
Pradipta, Marsha Yunike
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Phosphorus is one of the essential elements which plays a very important role in photosynthesis and root development. Most of the phosphate forms are bound in soil colloids, so that it is not available for plants. A group of the so called phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) have ability to solubilize a bounding phosphate because they produce organic acid so that they can increase the efficiency of phosphate fertilization. Naturally phosphate-solubilizing microorganism live in the rhizosphere. The research activities covered isolation of PSM, antagonistic test, phosphate solubilizing test, and the use of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) isolates combined with SP-36 fertilizer on the growth of sawi sendok plant. Soil samples for microbe isolation were taken from Semplak. The experiment was conducted at green house condition. The experiment was arranged according to completely randomized design (CRD) with two treatment factors provided and three replications. The first factor was phosphate solubilizing bacteria isolates namely Burkholderia sp. IS9, Pseudomonas aeruginosa P2, Bacillus subtilis J2, and Burkholderia sp. PS4. The second factor was phosphate fertilization, i.e 50%, 75% and 100% dosages of SP-36 fertilizer. The result of the experiment showed that bacteria Burkholderia sp. IS9 isolate provided higher phosphate solubilizing capacity of the qualitative and quantitative ability test of phosphate solubilizing compared to other treatments. The inoculation of Burkholderia sp. PS4 with 50% dosage of SP-36 fertilizer increased plant height, biomass and plant dry weight.