Hubungan Sifat Tanah dan Tipe Vegetasi Mangrove di Desa Blanakan, Kabupaten Subang.
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Mangrove ecosystem is a typical marine tropics and subtropics with a very important role for the balance of nature. However, currently the target of exploitation of mangrove forests due to the demands of development which focuses on economic interests. More than a half of the mangrove forest area in Indonesia in a bad damaged state, around the North Coast of Java, has long been eroded by the needs of its population to the land. Mangrove forests that relatively in good condition on the north coast of Java is in the village Blanakan, so the mangroves in the area need to be in the preserve. This study aims to determine the nature and characteristics of soil that affect the growth of mangrove land the village and to know the relationship of the soil properties with different types of mangrove vegetation that grows in the village Blanakan. There are 4 zones studied based on the type of vegetation growing in these locations. Zone 1 (BSR1) with vegetation Avicennia marina, zone 2 (BSR2) with Rhizophora mucronata vegetation, zone 3 (BSR3) with vegetation Jeruju, and zone 4 (BSR4) with vegetation Sonneratia acida. The sample of soil that have been researched are morphological and chemical properties. All of soil conditions are not significantly different by morphology. Those all zones are type Hydraquent soil. Chemical properties which have an influence on mangrove vegetation difference are the Electrical Conductivity (DHL/EC), water content at field condition, percentage saturation of the cations, the percentage of ESP, and SAR values, and value of soil. The DHL/EC, the percentage of ESP, and SAR values show the influence of sea water. Zone 1 had the soil more ripe than zone 2, 3, and 4. Cation saturation of each zone has its own characteristics. A base saturation zone was dominated by sodium saturation and followed by increasing the depth of soil. Zone 1 showed many salt-free and the salt free content increased from the upper to the lower layer. Base saturation in zone 2, between the top layer of soil is different from the middle layer and bottom layer. The top layer of soil in zone 2 was dominated by the saturation of magnesium, but in the middle layer and bottom layer was dominated by sodium saturation. Sodium saturation in zone 2 further decreased, this suggest that salt-free in this zone was diminishing compared to zone 1. In zone 3 and zone 4, there are no free salts and base saturation was dominated by magnesium, and also increased of addition calcium.