Kebijakan pemanfaatan ekosistem mangrove secara terpadu berkelanjutan di kabupaten Barru, Sulawesi Selatan (The policy of integrated, sustainable exploitation of mangrove ecosystem in Barru Regency, South Sulawesi)
Susilo, Setyo Budi
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The mangrove ecosystem in coastal area of Barru Regency has been declared as a protected area under Act No. 23 Year 2001. Because of its potency and carrying capacity, and in accordance with the existence of the Act No. 22 Year 1999 about Local Government and Act No. 25 Year 2000 about Regional Autonomy, the mangrove ecosystem have been explored for various activities. This research was aimed to formulate the regional policy needed regarding the exploitation of mangrove ecosystem in the area. The collected primary and secondary data were analyzed using SWOT and AWOT methods. The results show eight types of necessity to exploit the mangrove ecosystem in Barru Regency, namely, conservation (16.86%), rehabilitation (15.03%), aquaculture (14.35%), ecotourism (14.12%), coastal tourism (13.21%), harbor (9.79%), industry (8.43%), and housing (8.29%). From view points of ecology and socio-economy, the policy to exploite of the mangrove ecosystem in Barru Regency should integrate various sectors and forms of exploitation to reach a sustainable development.
- Forum Pascasarjana