Keanekaragaman makrofauna tanah di beberapa ekosistem alami dan budidaya di kabupaten Pelalawan, propinsi Riau
As part of land ecosystem, soil macrofauna have several certain roles. Some of those roles are as obliterator of soil organic material, bio indicator, and increasing soil porosity and aeration. Palm oil fields have been rapidly developed in Indonesia. This rapid development is presumed will change the natural ecosystem into artificial ecosystem which impact to soil macro fauna. In accordance to that presumption further study of soil macrofauna need to be done in palm oil field and other surrounding habitat. The purpose of this research are to acknowledge the diversity of soil macrofauna in several natural and cultivation ecosystems and to find out the composition of macrofauna community in several different habitat, that are palm oil field, natural forest, rubber field and residential. This research was conducted in palm oil field in Pelalawan Regency, Province of Riau. The macrofauna specimens were taken from each location by using purposive sampling method and were taken from each plot by using hand sorting method. The soil macrofauna specimens furthermore were taken for documentation and identification.