Karakteristik Biometrik Pohon Jati (Tectona grandis L.f.) Studi Kasus di Bagian Hutan Bancar KPH Jatirogo, Perum Perhutani Unit II, Jawa Timur
Novendra, Ilyasa Yanu
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One of each wood species what have most popular and to increase staple plant in forest management at work district Perum Perhutani, especially Unit I Cntral Java and Unit II East Java is teak wood (Tectona grandis L.f.). Teak wood inclusive of wood which have preserved class II and strength class II, so that’s fitting for any kind build construction. In the division from planning of forestry knowledge, one of problem research what have been develop is about biometric characteris tic from some trees. Biometric technic is some method to identification some of individual based on phisically character or from behaviour. Physical data achieved trough tree dimension measurements is needed in the process. The objective of this research is to describe teak tree (Tectona grandis L.f.) biometric characteristics in various age level and relationship from this character what have consistently property and unique. Hopefull, this research will enrich science trough information on teak tree biometric characteristics. Beside that, result of this research hopefully can useful include to tarif or tabel local volume from teak trees after which advance, can useful in planning forestry knowledge and to increase a dendology knowledge. The research was conducted at forest division Bancar KPH Jatirogo Perum Perhutani Unit II East Java in March until April 2008. The research object were 40 teak trees samples at various age level and bonita which the trees has diameter breast height minimum 20 cn and chosen by purposive sampling. Tools used were phiband, haga Hypsometer, Spiegel Relascop Bieterlich type wide scale, rope, tally sheet, camera, and write tools. Dimension measured were foot diameter (Dp), diameter breast high (Dbh), clear length bole diameter (Dbc), diameter each section, crown diameter (Dtk), tall stem which 2 meters for each section, total height (Tt), crown height (Ttk) and clear length bole height (Tbc) of each tree samples. Tree volume was measured using by Smalian formula. Form factor measured were breast high form factor and absolute form factor. Form quotients measured were normal form quotients and absolute form quotients. Data analysis was done by statistically describe tree dimension, measured the ratio between each dimension, analyzed the correlation between each tree dimension, between tree dimension and actual volume, stem form factors value and form quotients value, and analyzed the correlation between form factor and actual volume with diameter ratio. Regression equation model was made using all the related correlations. The data were analyzed using sotware Microsoft Excel and Minitab version 14. The result were as follows range of diameter breast height : 21,02 - 84,08 cm; foot diameter : 24,84 - 102,87 cm; clear length bole diameter : 10,00 - 60,00 cm; crown diameter : 7,75 - 21,50 cm; total height : 12,50 - 31,50 cm; clear length bole height : 7,50 - 20,50 cm; and crown height : 4,50 - 21,00 cm. Mean ratio between dimension : Dp/Dbh = 1,242 ; Dp/Dtk = 0,043 ; Dbc/Dtk = 0,019 ; Dbc/Dp = 0,461 ; Dbc/Dbh = 0,571 ; Dbh/Dtk = 0,034 ; Tbc/Tt = 0,553 ; Ttk/Tt = 0,447 ; Tbc/Ttk = 1,352. Teak stem coeficient is 1,147. Teak tree dimension with most correlation with other teak tree dimension were diameter breast high, foot diameter, crown diameter, and total height. The highest correlation achieved from foot diameter and diameter breast high with value is 0,994. The formula for teak is d/D = 1.02 - 0.192 h/H - 2.22 (h/H)2 + 1.99 (h/H)3. Absolute form factor of teak tree was o,497 and breast high form is 0,759. Normal form quotients of teak tree was 0,625 and absolute quotients is 0,728. Correlation between actual volume with their dimension were follows : diameter breast high, foot diameter, crown diameter, clear length bole diameter, total height, crown height, and clear length bole height. Local volume functions using logarithmic transformation is log Vakt = - 3.56 + 2.25 log Dbh.
- UT - Forest Management