Remitans Bekerja Dari Luar Negeri Dan Diversifikasi Usaha Rumahtangga Di Pedesaan
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Agriculture sector still the important role, evaluated from contribution to PDB, labour absorbtion, and foreign exchange non migas, so that competent given high priority in development strategic policy in Indonesia. There’re tendency change over farmer economic activity to non-farm sector which generally non-formal such the household diversified. Become TKI represent fenomenal, where its remittance is big really able to improve household earnings and assist environmental development financial in origin area. Diversify the household effort tend to able to improve household earnings which conducting it. Make a negative correlation to diversified index with agricultural sector compartment, but have the positive correlation to non-agriculture earnings compartment. At farmer household example follow in Indramayu, found relative sliver correlate between the household effort diversifiedly and family head education. But, the tend to less tight correlate with the household earning level. Less tight relationship among owner and farm cultivation (enterpasing), household member of age work, mount education, and mount household earnings. In Pontianak, generally found not differently condition than Indramayu. The tend to less tight relationship between household member in concerned, owner and cultivation farm, mount education and earnings heights. Even Entropy Index analysis show not tight relationship between diversified by household effort and earning improvement; but from qualitative analyse the data tabulation and empirical perception in spacious, the effort diversified done by example household able to improve earning it. This matter is influenced by: 1) earning level of household member from an area of just effort compared to some member to other earnings, dissimiliar household, when which at the same time; 2) a household member earnings from some effort area at one blow, higher exactly compared to some household member earnings differ from some effort area. Then, diversifying the household effort as earnings source more instruct at non-farm activity caused able to improve high earnings relative. Mount expenditure compare diametrical with storey; earning level of the examples of farmer household. Economic growth manifestly dynamics and change of opportunity work structure influenced, do well by change of labour composition according to employment, status and work type perception too. The important that’s shall awake government, especially pasca of economic crisis, on decided the agriculture important role, as source of subsistence means on rural resident, expectation of labour absorbtion stability.
- MT - Human Ecology