Hubungan antara Titik Panas dengan Perubahan Penutupan/ Penggunaan Lahan (Studi Kasus: Kabupaten Kapuas, Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah)
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Land and forest fires in Indonesia have become a serious problem since 1982/1983. Annually the area that was burned widespread, which is caused by the increasing number of forest converted to plantations, agriculture, settlements, and so forth. Indicator commonly used for early detection of forest and land is hotspots, obtained from a meteorology satellite remote sensing. The objectives of this research are to analyze the distribution pattern of hotspots in Kapuas District, analyzed land cover/use change in Kapuas District, analyzed the relationship between hotspots and land cover/use change in Kapuas District, and analyzed the relationship hotspots and rainfall anomaly in Kapuas District. The maximum distribution of hotspots during 2005 to 2011 was indicated in 2006 and 2009; it was expected because of the effect of long term dryness (El-Nino), so the intensity of the fire increased. During 2005 to 2011, many hotspots identified in shrub swamps, shrub, plantations, secondary swamp forest, and secondary upland forest. Hotspots are identified on the site, possibly due to a fire caused by the preparation of agriculture or plantation. It is marked by an increase in land cover change to plantation up to 49.5%, while the secondary swamp forest and secondary upland forest decreased up to 19.2% and 7.83%. The rainfall anomaly is also expected to be able to affect the number of hotspots. When rainfall in the condition of subnormal, then hotspot identified more than when rainfall was above normal.