Local Ecological Knowledge in The Technique of Land Management in Agroforestry System (Case in Hamlet of Lubuk Baka, Regency of Pesawaran, Province of Lampung).
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Farmers in hamlet of Lubuk Baka in the province of Lampung, possesed Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) in the land management technique in agroforestry system. This research used method of Knowledge Based System (KBS) with the objectives of identifYing, comparing LEK and it's practice, and obtaining descriptive ideas on LEK. For improving production sustainability and maintaining land ecosystem with principle of LEK, the community of Lubuk Baka hamlet practiced land management technique which was adjusted with the timing arrangement of their agriculture / farming practice. Similarity of LEK with its practice was due to direct and continuous contact with communities from various ethnic groups (Javanese, Sundanese, and Semendo), whereas the difference was affected by background of community culture of each ethnic group, land conflict, and farming activities being conducted. Several differences between LEK and its practice, namely soil tillage, drainage system, fertilizer application, and weeding, affected the annual average production level of crop of each ethnic group, so that this phenomena affected income level. Community knowledge in the technique of land management created interaction between components in ecosystem, and constituted a description of model of LEK of Lubuk Baka hamlet community.
- MT - Forestry