Total Produksi Gas dan Degradasi Berbagai Hijauan Tropis pada Media Rumen Domba Yang Diberi Pakan Mengandung Saponin dan Tanin
MetadataShow full item record
The degradation of tropical browse plants in different fermented media rumen fluid had been determined in this experiment. The fermented media was collected from sheep which was obtained feed containing saponin and mix between saponin and tannin. The experimental design for in vitro was Factorial Randomized Block Design 9x3x2 with 3 replications. The first factor was nine kinds of tropical browse plant. The second factor was rumen fluid from sheep which fed with mixed grass (MG) (B1) , MG + saponin (B2) and MG + saponin + tannin (B3) and the third factor was with and without polyethylene glycol (PEG). The experimental design for in sacco was Factorial Randomized Block Design 9x3 with 2 replications. The first and second factors were similar to in vitro experiment. Variables observed were in vitro gas production, in vitro and in sacco dry matter degradation. The data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance, and differences among treatments were examined by Duncan Multiple Range Test. Results showed that difference of rumen fluid had no significant effect on in vitro gas production. In vitro gas production of Pennisetum purpureum and Artocarpus heterophyllus were significantly higher than other tropical browse plants. Rumen fluid containing saponin (P<0.05) significantly increased in sacco dry matter degradation, but there was no significant effect of all treatments on in vitro dry matter degradation. In sacco dry matter degradation of A. heterophyllus was significantly higher than other tropical browse plants but on in vitro, dry matter degradation of A. heterophyllus was similar to P. purpureum. Addition of PEG significantly increased in vitro gas production on B1 and B3, but decreased on B2. Addition of PEG had no effect on in vitro dry matter degradability of nine tropical browse plants.